South Africa’s Children Act
This act gives effect to certain rights of children as contained in the Constitution which include:
- to set out principles relating to the care and protection of children
- to define parental responsibilities and rights
- to provide for partial care of children
- to provide for early childhood development
- to provide for children in alternative care
- to provide for child and youth care centres and drop-in centres
- to create certain new offences relating to children and to provide to matters connected to children
Under Early Child Development it states:
ECD for the purposes of this Act means the process of emotional, cognitive, sensory, spiritual, moral, physical, and social and communication development of children from birth to school going age.
An early childhood development programme means a programme structured within an early childhood development service to provide learning and support appropriate to the child’s developmental age and stage.
ECD Services means services:
(a) Intended to promote early childhood development; and
(b) Provided by a person, other than a child’s parent or caregiver, on a regular basis to children up to school-going age.
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