Make a Difference…Become A Teacher.
Make a Difference…Become A Teacher.
By the Department of Basic Education.
Becoming a teacher in South Africa…
Teaching is a noble profession that requires passion, commitment, tolerance, perseverance, character and the dedication to make a difference in the lives of a diverse group of young and older children, depending on your choice of phase specialisation. This profession will afford you the opportunity to nurture and mould young and growing minds and to develop a variety of vital lifelong skills in children. Contributing to the academic and social development of children is a fulfilling experience that you should embrace. Go ahead. Make a difference in the lives of children. Choose teaching as a career!
Who qualifies to become a teacher? Any academically-gifted, young –
- learners currently in Grade 12;
- graduates who want to complete a teaching qualification;
- people who want to make a career change and become teachers; and
- unemployed people who want to become teachers.
Choose the route you want to follow to qualify as a teacher. You may follow one of two routes in becoming a teacher, namely: a four-year Bachelor of Education degree (B.Ed.); a three-or four-year Bachelor’s degree, followed by a one-year Postgraduate Certificate in Education (PGCE).
Once completed, both routes lead to classification as a professionally qualified teacher. Upon qualifying, you will be required to register with the South African Council for Educators (SACE).
Choose the phase (level of schooling) you wish to specialise in. You will need to consider the age range that you would like to teach. The age ranges are clustered into phases. Please note that the age ranges indicated below only serve as a guideline. There will be instances where a slightly younger/older child forms part of a particular phase. The phase specialisations are as follows:
- Foundation Phase: (±5 – 9-year-olds): Grades R – 3
- Intermediate Phase: (±10 – 12-year-olds): Grades 4 – 6
- Senior Phase: (±13 – 15-year-olds): Grades 7 – 9 •
Further Education and Training (FET) Phase: (±16 – 18-year-olds): Grades 10 – 12
Some higher education institutions (HEIs) allow for a combination of phase specialisation. In these instances, you could specialise in two consecutive phases. For the Intermediate, Senior and FET Phases, you will be given the opportunity to choose the subjects that you wish to specialise in, which include fields in languages, mathematics, the sciences, technology, business and management, and the humanities.
Whilst all teachers are needed, the government has identified some priorities:
Grades R – 3 (Foundation Phase) Foundation Phase specialisation.
Grades 4 – 6 (Intermediate Phase) African languages; English; Mathematics; Natural Sciences; and Technology.
Grades 7 – 9 (Senior Phase) African languages; English; Mathematics; Natural Sciences; and Technology.
Grade 10 – 12 (FET Phase) Accounting; African languages; Economics; English; Geography; Mathematics; Mathematical Literacy; Agricultural Sciences; Life Sciences; Physical Sciences; Agricultural Technology; Civil Technology; Electrical Technology; Mechanical Technology; Information Technology; Computer Applications Technology; as well as Engineering Graphics and Design.
For more information including bursaries and contact details of institutions, please visit:
To understand better the critical need for teachers, please visit:
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